Kelimutu lake is a crater lake situated atop Mount Kelimutu (volcano) located on the island of Flores, NTT Province, Indonesia. The exact location of this mountain village Pemo, District Kelimutu, Ende.
On February 26, 1992, Lake Kelimutu included in Kelimutu National Park, a national park smallest of the six national parks exist in the area of Bali and Nusa Tenggara. These sights are on the top of Mount Kelimutu with a height of 1,690 meters above sea level. Kelimutu lake consists of three 'puddle' or crater with a different color.
Besides being known as the Lake Kelimutu, tourist spot is also known as the Lake Three Colors. An amazing natural phenomenon because of three craters, closely spaced, but has a different water colors. Lake water color is generally red, white and blue, but it can turn green, black and brown, or other color variations. Interestingly, when the researchers tried to take it as a sample of lake water, the water is clear without color.
The three lakes are separated by steep rock cliffs erosive, so tourists are expected to keep a safe distance while in the area around the lake. A good time to visit these attractions is between the months of June to August due to rain tend not to go down so that the fields that must be passed safely counted.
If you want to get the best views of Lake Kelimutu, set out to climb between 2-3 hours of the morning of Moni which is the nearest village to the location of the lake. At the top, you can see a view of the sunrise over the lake Kelimutu amazingly beautiful.
How could set off up so early? The Moni and several surrounding villages there are plenty of lodging. By staying at a nearby location to tourist attractions, of course, will help you in preparation for climbing.
Kelimutu National Park area is also a habitat for several species of animals and plants. Some of them even endangered as Wallacea owls, hawks Flores and Kancilan Flores.
History Lake Kelimutu
The existence Kelimutu Lake was first discovered in 1915 by a Dutch named Van Such Telen. At that time he told local residents that at the summit of Mount Kelimutu there are three lakes with red, white and blue. Residents not easy to believe because the three colors mentioned Telen the same color as the flag of the Netherlands. Until then residents own existence proves Kelimutu lake.
The beauty of this increasingly popular tourist spot after summarized in a painting by Y. Bouman in 1929. Since then, the beauty and uniqueness of Lake Kelimutu more widely known and widely visited by tourists.
Myth Lake Kelimutu
These three different-colored lakes at the peak of Mount Kelimutu it has the name of each. Locals believe that this lake is the dwelling place of the souls of those who died.
The third name of this lake, among others Tiwu Ata Mbupu the place souls of parents who died, Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai as the place to the souls of young people who died, and the last is Tiwu Ata Polo is a place souls evil dead. Tiwu itself in the local language means lake.
Of the three lakes, which change color is most often Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai. According to local residents, this is possible because the soul that occupies the lake is still young and unstable that affect lake water discoloration.
Locals believe that the discoloration that occurs in Lake Kelimutu could be a bad omen of impending disaster in Indonesia. According to them, this has happened several times, including in 1992 and 2004.
In 1992, one of the lake turns into a reddish brown like chicken liver. Shortly thereafter, an earthquake in Flores who takes a lot of casualties. The same thing happened in 2004 in which the Aceh tsunami and caused a lot of casualties.
According to local residents, Lake Kelimutu have magical powers unusually large. This makes a very sacred lake. Residents also often held a special ceremony or ritual by bringing offerings as an offering with the aim of asking for safety and blessing.